The development of convective weather avoidance algorithm is crucial for aviation operations and it is also a key objective of the next generation air traffic management system. This paper proposes a novel network architecture that embeds convolutional layers into long short-time memory (LSTM) cells to predict the trajectory, based on the convective weather condition along the flight plan before the aircraft takeoff. The data used in the experiments are history flight track data, the last on-file flight plan, and the time-dependent convective weather map. The history flight data are taken from NASA Sherlock database and the weather data used in this paper is the Echo Top (ET) convective weather product from Corridor Integrated Weather System (CIWS). The experiment is conducted using three months history data over the period from Nov 1, 2018 through Feb 5, 2019 with the flights from John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) but the methodology can be applied to the flights between any arbitrary two airports. Interpolation is performed on flight plans and real history tracks to fix the fold number of LSTM cell and also reduce computation complexity. The training loss is defined as the standard Mean Squared Error (MSE) of the predicted tracks and the real history tracks. Adam optimizer is used for backpropagation. Learning from the real historical flight data, the out-of-sample test shows that 47.0\% of the predicted flight tracks are able to reduce the deviation compared to the last on-file flight plan. The overall variance is reduced by 12.3\%.
How to Cite
Trajectory Prediction, LSTM, Convolutional Layer
The Prognostic and Health Management Society advocates open-access to scientific data and uses a Creative Commons license for publishing and distributing any papers. A Creative Commons license does not relinquish the author’s copyright; rather it allows them to share some of their rights with any member of the public under certain conditions whilst enjoying full legal protection. By submitting an article to the International Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society, the authors agree to be bound by the associated terms and conditions including the following:
As the author, you retain the copyright to your Work. By submitting your Work, you are granting anybody the right to copy, distribute and transmit your Work and to adapt your Work with proper attribution under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States license. You assign rights to the Prognostics and Health Management Society to publish and disseminate your Work through electronic and print media if it is accepted for publication. A license note citing the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License as shown below needs to be placed in the footnote on the first page of the article.
First Author et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.