Local demagnetization is an irreparable failure mode in permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs), resulting in reduced motor efficiency and high cogging torque. These effects are particularly disadvantageous to fractional-slot wound PMSMs used in industrial applications, such as robotics and automations, that require high power density and precise operation. In this article, a diagnostic indicator is developed for detecting local demagnetization fault in fractional-slot wound PMSMs based on winding function theory, utilizing back-electromotive force (back-EMF) as a medium for fault detection. Further, the developed indicator is validated in a commercial fractional-slot wound PMSM of an in-house experimental setup.
PMSM, demagnetization, fault indicator, harmonics, winding function
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