The operation and maintenance costs of wind parks make up a major fraction of a park's overall lifetime costs. They also include opportunity costs of lost revenue from avoidable power generation underperformance. We present a machine-learning based decision support method that minimizes these opportunity costs. By analyzing the stream of telemetry sensor data from the turbine operation, estimating highly accurate power reference relations and benchmarking, we can detect performance-related operational faults in a turbine- and site-specific manner. The most accurate power reference model is selected based on combinations of machine learning algorithms and regressor sets. Operating personnel can be alerted if a normal operating state boundary is exceeded. We demonstrate the performance fault detection method in a case study for a commercial grid-connected onshore wind turbine. Diagnosing a detected underperformance event, we find that the observed power generation deficiencies coincide with rotor blade misalignment related to low hydraulic pressure of the turbine's blade actuators.
Condition monitoring, Fault detection and diagnosis, Gradient boosting, Wind power plants
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